Why the sites of Asia are so supplied in corals and marine? The answer: because of The Coral Triangle ! All the info below.

WHAT IS THE CORAL TRIANGLE?

  • The Coral Triangle is simply the epicenter of marine biodiversity on the planet!
  • If coral reefs are the forests of the ocean, then the coral triangle is the equivalent of the amazon for the earth.
  • It contains more marine biodiversity than anywhere else.
  • There are certain regions of the coral triangle that contain more species than the entire Caribbean!

It has 30 % of all the world's coral reefs!

biodiversite-marine-mondiale

WHERE IS THE TRIANGLE OF CORAIL?

  • It is an area comprising the waters of the Malaysia (Borneo side), from Indonesia, the Philippines to the Solomon Islands.
  • Theepicenter of the coral triangle is around the archipelago of Rapa Ampat in the Indonesian part of the island of Papua.
  • This area contains a lot of great dive sites, among the best in the world: Raja Ampat, Komodo, Alor, Lembeh, the Banda Sea (Indonesia), Sipadan (Malaysia) or Tubbataha and Apo reef (Philippines), to name just a few examples!

le triangle de corail plongeur baroudeur-min

THE CORAL TRIANGLE IN FIGURES:

  • 6 million km²
  • 30% of all the world's corals
  • 35% reef fish species
  • 76% Coral species (more than 2000)
  • 6 of 7 species of sea turtles
  • 15% of endemic coral species
  • 8% endemic fish species
  • a high place of reproduction blue whales, sperm whales, whale sharks and tuna
  • Frequented by dolphins, the porpoises and the dugongs (endangered)

The coral triangle is the largest diversity of corals in the world

apo-island-recif

  • Amount : 30% of all the world's coral is in the coral triangle.
  • Diversity : 76% (605) of all listed corals (798) are in the coral triangle, making it the highest concentration in the world.
  • Scarcity 15% of endemic coral species (found nowhere else).

Reef fish

poisson-clown-balicasag-panglao-bohol-philippines

  • Diversity : 35% of the reef fish in the world (2,228 out of 6,000) and 56% of the Indo-Pacific zone
  • Scarcity : 8% (235 species) of reef fish present in the coral triangle are endemic.

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Turtles

photo-plongee-roatan-tortue-verte-green-turtle

  • The triangle is the only area where we can find 6 of the 7 species of marine turtles.
  • Including the Leatherback Turtle (which can be found around the island of Papua and the Solomon Islands).

Cetaceans (whales, dolphins ...)triangle-de-corail-baleine-bleue

  • It is frequented by the blue whale (the largest animal in the world) and the sperm whale.
  • but also by dolphins, the porpoises (a species very close to the dolphin) and dugongs (who are in the voice of disappearance).

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