Why the sites of Asia are so supplied in corals and marine? The answer: because of The Coral Triangle ! All the info below.
WHAT IS THE CORAL TRIANGLE?
- The Coral Triangle is simply the epicenter of marine biodiversity on the planet!
- If coral reefs are the forests of the ocean, then the coral triangle is the equivalent of the amazon for the earth.
- It contains more marine biodiversity than anywhere else.
- There are certain regions of the coral triangle that contain more species than the entire Caribbean!
It has 30 % of all the world's coral reefs!
WHERE IS THE TRIANGLE OF CORAIL?
- It is an area comprising the waters of the Malaysia (Borneo side), from Indonesia, the Philippines to the Solomon Islands.
- Theepicenter of the coral triangle is around the archipelago of Rapa Ampat in the Indonesian part of the island of Papua.
- This area contains a lot of great dive sites, among the best in the world: Raja Ampat, Komodo, Alor, Lembeh, the Banda Sea (Indonesia), Sipadan (Malaysia) or Tubbataha and Apo reef (Philippines), to name just a few examples!
THE CORAL TRIANGLE IN FIGURES:
- 6 million km²
- 30% of all the world's corals
- 35% reef fish species
- 76% Coral species (more than 2000)
- 6 of 7 species of sea turtles
- 15% of endemic coral species
- 8% endemic fish species
- a high place of reproduction blue whales, sperm whales, whale sharks and tuna
- Frequented by dolphins, the porpoises and the dugongs (endangered)
The coral triangle is the largest diversity of corals in the world
- Amount : 30% of all the world's coral is in the coral triangle.
- Diversity : 76% (605) of all listed corals (798) are in the coral triangle, making it the highest concentration in the world.
- Scarcity 15% of endemic coral species (found nowhere else).
- Diversity : 35% of the reef fish in the world (2,228 out of 6,000) and 56% of the Indo-Pacific zone
- Scarcity : 8% (235 species) of reef fish present in the coral triangle are endemic.
- The triangle is the only area where we can find 6 of the 7 species of marine turtles.
- Including the Leatherback Turtle (which can be found around the island of Papua and the Solomon Islands).
Cetaceans (whales, dolphins ...)
- It is frequented by the blue whale (the largest animal in the world) and the sperm whale.
- but also by dolphins, the porpoises (a species very close to the dolphin) and dugongs (who are in the voice of disappearance).
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